Auction Theme:2019 Australia Sydney Art Auction
Auction time: January 20, 2019
拍賣類別：瓷器專場 . 玉器專場 . 書畫專場 . 雜項專場 . 錢幣專場
Auction Category: Porcelain. Jade. Painting. Miscellaneous. Coins
Auction Location: Sheraton Grand Sydney Hyde Park, Australia (159-161 Elizabeth Street, Sydney Central Business District, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia)
Yuan Shikai is like the Chinese Empire Hongxian era gold coin
In 1916, Yuan Shikai, a Chinese imperial Hongxian dynasty Feilong gold coin, weighed 37.2 grams, minted by the Tianjin Mint, exquisitely cast, perfect in appearance, completely unused, rare in the world, very precious.
Cao Kun’s frontal armed forces like the Constitution
Cao Kun’s frontal armed forces, like the Constitution, was set up to commemorate the gold coin, a rare, undistributed product. Cao Kun was the leader of the direct warlord in the early years of the Republic of China. In the 12th year of the Republic of China (1923), he passed the bribe of 5,000 silver dollars in October. He bought 480 members of the House of Representatives and was elected as the fifth president of the Republic of China. , officially took office on December 10 of that year. In the same year, the Beiyang Military Government promulgated the "Republic of China Constitution". In order to commemorate the constitutional establishment, the Tianjin Mint General Factory minted the Cao Kunwen-style gold-like sample coins in the same period.
A group of dragon and phoenix coins in the 12th year of the Republic of China
In the twelve years of the Republic of China, dragon and Phoenix coins were made. The national emblem, also known as the "twelve-chapter national emblem map", was first adopted by the designer of dragon and phoenix patterns after the founding of the Republic of China. It was drafted by Mr. Lu Xun when he was head of the Department of Social Education of the Ministry of Education in 1912. The front national emblem contains elements of sun, moon, stars, stars, mountains, dragons, caterpillars, Zongyi, algae, rice powder, comet and comet. Since the Han and Tang Dynasties, the Confucian scholars have said, "The sun, moon and stars shine upon them, the mountains take their towns, the birds take their breaks, and they distinguish them." The most virtuous thing is to be prepared for it. The top ring is "Republic of China made in twelve years" (1923). The design on the back is symmetrically arranged with Jiahe stone carvings of the Han Dynasty, casting a "circle" in the middle. Although the design of the emblem has a profound meaning, the authorities believe that its imperial color is too strong and has not been officially issued. Only a small number of trial-produced gold coins have flowed into the market. Silver model gold coins are even rarer and quite rare.
Duan Qirui like "peace" ruling commemorative gold coins
Duan Qirui’s commemorative gold coin like “Peace” was one of the famous portraits of warlords in the modern Republic. In the thirteenth year of the Republic of China (1924), the Tianjin Mint was commemorated in November, when the Northern Warlord "Duan Yurui" was promoted to be the temporary governor of the government of the Republic of China. The amount of casting is small, and the gold coins are even rarer. The coins are perfect and unused.
In the 12th year of the Republic of China, the dragon and the phoenix
This coin is a test coin for the Tianjin Mint. The front is centrally decorated with dragon and phoenix patterns. The periphery is “made in the 12th year of the Republic of China”, and the back is cast with the pattern of “Golden Harvest” and “Oneyuan”. This sample coin is originally cast golden light, the model is deep and deep, the mirror surface is bottomed, the tooth edge is sharp, the appearance is perfect, the state is superior, the preservation is perfect, the edge tooth is not damaged, and the beautiful product is almost unused, which is rare.
Shandong official silver Gengzi year made a group of Guangxu yuanbao gold coins
早在光绪中叶时，清廷中既有些官员倡议我国行使金币，如陈炽在《通用金镑说》中提出“欲收利权，欲兴商务，并非铸金钱不可，金钱之轻重，非仿用金镑不可”之议；光绪二十六年(1900年)户部为筹款以铸金币，特向朝廷提出具体的实施办法，并由天津造币总厂于光光绪二十六年(1900年)正式试铸了金币； “清代双龙老金币”虽以试铸成品，但终因我国藏金有限，最终未能实施流通，今存世也甚少。 光绪元宝”当时共十九个省局铸造。除中央户部，地方省所铸铜元，皆在其正面上缘镌写省名。董文超主编《中国历代金银货币通览（近代金银币卷）》将“山东官银光绪元宝“五钱”归入“臆造币”一类。中国人民银行《中国银币图册》选录了“山东官银光绪元宝五钱”银币。“山东官银光绪元宝壹两”，诸谱未录。 笔者比较了山东官银光绪元宝“五钱”与“壹两“山东官银光绪元宝壹两，还有另一种版本，其区别在于钱币正面中心的“阴阳魚”的方向和款识的不同。此枚钱币，铸造精良，包浆老道。 此类钱币铸额不多而未流通过，留存至今罕见，留存于世甚少，完美品相者寥若晨星，此套银币品相极好，但存世数量极度稀少，不失为中国机制币中的珍品； 臆造币在今天的藏品市场上还是很受藏家的理解和青睐的，屡屡登上大型专业钱币拍卖会的大雅之堂，而且价值不菲！鉴于其本身精美的工艺和相对稀少的市场保有量，随着社会的发展，人们认识的不断提高，相信不久的将来，其价值将会很快达到一个前所未有的高度！ 此类型钱币泉界考证判断为臆造品类，尽管如此，但此类银币由于铸造精良，存世量少，物以稀为贵。
As early as in the middle of Guangxu period, some officials in the Qing Dynasty advocated that China should exercise gold coins, such as Chen Chi's proposal in "General Gold Pound Theory" that "it is not indispensable to make money for profit and commercial purposes, but to imitate gold pound for the importance of money"; in the twenty-sixth year of Guangxu (1900), the Ministry of Household Affairs raised money by making gold coins to the court. Specific implementation measures were put forward, and gold coins were formally tried out by Tianjin Mint General Factory in Guangguangxu 26 years (1900); "Shuanglong Old Gold coins of the Qing Dynasty" were tried to produce finished products, but ultimately because of the limited collection of gold in our country, they could not be circulated eventually, and there are very few survivors today. Guangxu Yuanbao was cast by nineteen provincial bureaus at that time. Except for the central household department, the copper coins cast by local provinces are all inscribed on the upper edge of the front. Dong Wenchao's General Survey of Gold and Silver Currencies in the Past Dynasties of China (Modern Gold and Silver Coins Volume) classifies the "five coins" of Guanyin Guangxu Yuan Bao in Shandong Province into the category of "imaginary coins". The People's Bank of China's "Atlas of Chinese Silver Coins" has selected "Shandong Guanyin Guangxu Yuan Bao five coins" silver coins. "Shandong Guanyin Guangxu Yuan Baoyi two", the spectrum is not recorded. The author compares Shandong Guanyin Guangxu Yuanbao with Shandong Guanyin Guangxu Yuanbao and another version. The difference lies in the direction and understanding of the "Yinyang Fish" in the front center of the coin. This coin is well-minted and well-groomed. Such coins are rare and have not been circulated. They are rarely retained in the world. There are few perfect coins like Morning Star. This set of silver coins is very good, but the number of coins is extremely rare. It is a treasure of Chinese machine-made coins. It is assumed that coins are still very well understood and favored by collectors in today's collections market, and they have been published repeatedly. Go to the elegant hall of the large professional coin auction, and the value is not bad! In view of its exquisite craftsmanship and relatively scarce market holdings, with the development of society, people's increasing awareness, I believe that in the near future, its value will soon reach an unprecedented height! This type of coin spring boundary textual research judges as a fictitious category, however, because of the fine casting, the stock of such silver coins is small, rare things are precious.
Chinese Empire Yuan Shikai like Hongxian Jiyuan Feilong Gold Coin
The Hongxian commemorative coin was made in the 19th year of the Republic of China. In 1919, the director of the Tianjin Mint Factory, Li Boqi, ordered the engraving master Linyi to make a pattern of "Hong Xian Xiao Fei Long Yuan Yuan". There are large characters and thick tail versions. The front center is Yuan Shikai's frontal portrait, solemn and solemn, and his life is vivid. In the center of the back is a lifelike dragon, symbolizing the glory of the Chinese Empire. On the top, the four-character "Chinese Empire" is engraved, and the "Hongxian Era" is engraved below, commonly known as the "Flying Dragon Commemorative Coin". The overall preservation is good and has a good collection value. The quality of the product is good, and its color is natural. Whether it is text or pattern, it looks natural and delicate, and the depth is suitable. This coin design has a distinct emperor color, and the caster is exquisite. This Yuan Shikai is very rare like gold coins, and it is precious.
In the eighth year of the Republic of China, Yuan Shikai was like a round gold coin.
In the eighth year of the Republic of China， Yuan Shikai looked like a golden coin with a gold coin， and he rarely saw the denomination. Full of luminosity， deep modeling， clean floor， sharp word， fine pattern， sharp edges， innocent appearance， not in use.
Guangxu Bingwu, a group of large gold coins
In 1932, the Manchuria State Fugui Wannian Gold Coin
Pseudo Manchuria country Fugui Wannian gold coin, rare, Ji language. After the Puppet Manchukuo was the "September 18 Incident" in 1931, the Japanese aggressors used a former regime to clean up the emperor Xinyi Luo Juyi in the northeast. On March 9, 1932, Japan officially established the pseudo-Manchurian state power, with Pu Yi as the "ruling", Zheng Xiaoyu as the "state prime minister", and the year number "Datong." Through this puppet regime, Japan imposed a 14-year colonial rule in northeastern China, which made the compatriots in the Northeast suffer from the pain of the slaves of the country.
Franz Joseph I Gold Coin 1885
1976 American Eagle Gold Coin
In 1976, the American Eagle Coin half-length man wears a hat like a piece, which is minted by the US Mint. The coins are beautifully cast and the gold is pure. The front is the head of the goddess, the back is an eagle, the posture is healthy, looking at the front, lifelike, full of movement.
Ancient Egyptian Pharaoh Nick Tanibs I Gold Coin
A gold coin with the head of the ancient Egyptian pharaoh nicotanibus I on the front and the owl on the back.
Li Yuanhong is like a founding commemorative gold coin
黎元洪像开国纪念金币正面中央珠圈内铸黎元洪戴军帽九分脸戎装肖像，珠圈外上镌“中华民国”四个字，下镌“开国纪念币”五个字，珠圈外左右两侧各铸五瓣梅花各一枝。银币的背面珠圈内中央镌竖写“壹圆”二字，托以嘉禾图，左右各一枝，每枝一穗三叶。珠圈外上环为英文“THE REPUBLIC OF CHINA”（中华民国），下环为英文“ONE DOLLAR”（壹圆），两侧偏下各镌一个五角星。包浆自然，品相佳，美品珍品，十分具备收藏价值。
The image of Li Yuanhong commemorates the founding of the People's Republic of China in the central bead circle on the front of the gold coin. On the outside of the bead circle are four words of "the Republic of China", five words of "the founding of the People's Republic of China commemorative coin" and five plum blossoms on the left and right sides of the bead circle. On the back of the silver coin, the word "one circle" is written vertically in the center of the bead circle, supported by Jiahe Tu, with one branch on each side and three leaves on each ear. The outer ring of the bead circle is the English "The REPUBLIC OF CHINA" (Republic of China), the lower ring is the English "ONE DOLLAR" (a circle), with a pentagonal star on each side. Natural pulp, good quality, beautiful treasures, very collection value.
Xinjiang Province made Guangxu gold coins
The Guangxuku in Xinjiang Province weighs seven cents and two cents in gold coins, with a diameter of 4 cm and a thickness of 0.3 cm. CQGB is MS 60-162238. The gold coins are exquisitely carved, of good quality, rare and very precious.
In the 16th year of the Republic of China, Zhang Zuolin was armed with a group of dragon and phoenix memorial gold and silver coins.
In the 16th year of the Republic of China, Grand Marshal Zhang Zuolin memorialized gold and silver coins with dragons and phoenixes on his back. At present, only a few coins are known to exist in the world. The coins are exquisitely carved and vividly portrayed. They are among the best silver coins in the Republic of China. They are extremely rare and rare. The design and casting of Tianjin Mint and a group of gold and silver coins are really rare. And the silver coin is the signature version.
Yuan Shikai, like the three-year "seven-point face" of the Republic of China, a group of gold and silver coins
Yuan Shikai's seven-point statue in the three years of the Republic of China was minted by Tianjin Mint General Factory in the three years of the Republic of China. The coin model was operated by L. Giorgi, the Italian chief sculptor. George had never seen Yuan Shikai himself before. He carved in the form of photographs. He thought that Yuan was "old and weak" and that after the completion of the "Seven Dimensions" edition, he personally brought sample coins to Beijing to meet Yuan Shikai. However, when presenting them, he found that the portraits carved differed greatly from Yuan's own demeanour, and could not show Yuan's strong image without appreciation. George asked to be re-engraved and approved. Yuan Shikai sat down and posed for him. After re-engraving, the portrait was the general profile image (commonly known as "Yuan Datou"). There are signature and non-signature versions on the seventh side. This group of gold and silver coins, gold coins for the unsigned version, silver coins for the signature version, the number of surviving is very small, gold coins are even more rare.
Yuan Shikai, like the Republic of China Republic, commemorates the silver coin
Yuan shikai like the republic of China memorial silver coin signed version of the gold sample, is a silver mold gold casting sample, by tianjin coinage general factory trial casting. This signed version of the republic of China commemorative gold sample coin, superb casting, perfect preservation, can be called the republic of China period portrait coin model, modern Chinese mechanism coin is the most precious treasure.
On January 1, the Republic of China, the Constitution of Hunan Province was established to commemorate the gold sample currency.
Yuan Shikai, like the gold coin, in the third year of the Republic of China
In the fifteenth year of the Republic of China, Zhang Zuolin, Lu Haijun, Grand Marshal Memorial Gold Coin
This currency is trial-produced by the Tianjin Mint of the Republic of China and is not circulated. This coin is exquisitely carved, and the characters are extremely vivid. It is the leader among the gold coins of the Republic of China. It is extremely rare, very rare, and the appearance is extremely perfect. It has not been used until it is completely unused.
Commander of the National Revolutionary Army, Jiang Jieshi, like a gold medal
In the 18th year of the Republic of China (1929), the commander-in-chief of the National Revolutionary Army, Jiang Jieshi, was like a gold medal. It was extremely rare, and it was not used recently.
Sun Yat-sen like the 18th year of the Republic of China (a group of silver coins)
Sun Zhongshan like a group twenty point Nickels coins
A group of three clear silver coins
The collection is 39.7mm in diameter and 26.7g in weight. It has been preserved to date with a mellow slurry and perfect appearance. In addition, it has a very small amount of foundry, rare survival and price advantage. It is extremely rare to collect coins in groups with the same dynasty. It has a very high value of appreciation and investment in collection!
Tang Jiyao's profile portrait supports the Republic commemorative coin
Tang Jiyao silver coin was issued and circulated during the period of warlord separatism after the 1911 Revolution. In August 1917, the Yunnan Mint commemorated the republican history by casting a silver coin with the profile of Tang Jiyao. Later, because of the imperfection of the model, it was inconvenient to continue casting more, so that the coin ceased to be minted and circulated very little.
Zhong in the Central Bank of Hong Kong
Yuan Shikai like a group of silver coins in the Republic of China (three years O version, ten years)
Daqing Silver Coin Xuantong Three-Year Short-Shou Long
Xuantong three-year Daqing silver coin short Xulong, 39.4 mm in diameter, weighing 26.98 grams. The front side of the coin has four characters of silver coin of the Qing Dynasty. The outer edge of the coin has three-year characters of Manchu and Chinese Xuantong respectively, with long chrysanthemum decorations arranged on both sides. The center of the back is a circle, surrounded by a dragon, with the tap on the top, the nose protruding, two short whiskers drooping naturally, the tail is on the right, the bottom is a circle in English, and the straight edge. On the back of the silver coin is a ring-shaped short-bearded dragon and cloud, and on the bottom is an English currency worth ONE DOLLAR. The silver coin is exquisitely minted and meticulous, which is a model of Longyang in Qing Dynasty.
Daqing Silver Coin Xuantong Three Years Qu Xulong Sample Coin
Xuantong three-year Qing silver coin round Qu Xulong edition is one of the standard national currencies officially minted. The Chinese character "Qing silver coin" is engraved inside the Pearl circle on the front of the silver coin, the Manchu character "Qing silver coin" is engraved on the top of the Pearl circle, and the Chinese character "Xuantong three years" is engraved on the bottom of the Pearl circle. A symmetrical decoration is engraved on the left and right sides. On the back of the silver coin, there is a circle of Quxulong and a large cloud. The lower end of the coin is worth a circle of English "ONE DOLLAR". The silver coin is exquisitely minted, with clear handwriting and natural paste, and is very popular with collectors.
Fujian official bureau made Guangxu yuanbao seven money two cents
Fujian official bureau made Guangxu Yuan Treasury with seven cents. The outer edge of the coin was wide. Inscriptions were cast on the front side. The top of the coin was cast with five characters of "Fujian official bureau made". The bottom was cast with seven cents of "Kuping seven cents". The center read the four words "Guangxu Yuan Bao" directly. Each side of the outer circle was decorated with a flower pattern. The inner circle on the back of the coin is carved with the totem of the dragon. It is beautifully carved with English letters on the left and right. Guangxu Yuanbao, made by Fujian government bureau, is exquisite in production, elegant in design, elegant in writing, exquisite in regular script calligraphy, balanced and stretching in the shelf structure, and rare in fine works. It is the first in Longyang. The surface of coins is full of pulp, which is of great ornamental and collection value.
Hubei Province made a Daqing silver coin Kuping one or two double dragons "Large version"
本品为直径约45毫米、实重库平一两银币，大字版。银币正面中央珠圈内镌满汉文“大清银币”四字，珠圈外上环镌汉字“光绪三十年湖北省造”，下环镌汉字“库平一两”。银币背面中央镌汉字“壹两”，左右环镌双龙戏珠图案，龙图外上环镌英文省名HU-PEN PROVINCE(湖北省)，下环镌英文币值ONE TAEL(一两)，左右两端镌满文“一两”。银币文字俊秀，龙图生动传神，堪称清代龙洋中的典范。这枚银元一直受到广大收藏爱好者所喜爱。是广大钱币收藏爱好者可望而不可及的珍品。
This product is about 45 mm in diameter, one or two silver coins in real weight, and a large print. The central bead circle of the silver coin is filled with the Chinese character "Da Qingyin Coin". The bead ring is surrounded by the Chinese character "Guangxu thirty-year-old Hubei Province", and the lower ring is the Chinese character "Kuping one or two". On the back of the silver coin, the Chinese character "One two", the left and right ring of the double dragon play bead pattern, the dragon figure outside the ring, the English name HU-PEN PROVINCE (Hubei province), the lower ring engrave English currency value ONE TAEL (one or two), left and right Duan Man Manwen "one or two." The silver coin text is handsome, and the dragon figure is vivid and vivid. It is a model in the Longyang of the Qing Dynasty. This silver dollar has always been loved by collectors. It is a treasure that can not be seen by the vast number of coin collectors.
Duan Qirui, like the Republic of China, ruling silver coins
In 1924, Duan Qirui's statue was a silver coin commemorating the ruling of the Republic of China in peace. It was deeply carved, beautifully cast, vivid and vivid, with a strong sense of relief and first-class quality. Currency-denominated chronological and chronological characters. This coin was used to present guests from all walks of life at the inauguration ceremony of Duan Qirui when he took office in the Republic of China. It shows that his ruling idea is a symbol of "peace" in line with public opinion.
Daqing Silver Coin Xuantong Three Years Qu Xu Long Silver Coin
This coin is all Chinese Longyang pattern silver dollar, including all the silver coins issued in foreign countries, the most exquisite craftsmanship, the most perfect carving, the most embossed variety, the mirror is smooth and smooth, the craftsmanship is exquisite, the text gives people a majestic, The feeling of heavy and heavy. The three-year-old silver coin of Xuantong is a silver coin with royal craftsmanship. With its exquisite patterns and long history of culture, it has undoubtedly become the darling of the collection world, and it is getting more and more people's attention!
Sun Zhongshan, the 18th year of the Republic of China, like the Oneyuan (Japan Version)
In the 18th year of the Republic of China in 1929, Sun Zhongshan was like a sailing ship, a bird, a bird, a Japanese version, and a rare product. Sun Zhongshan's head, Sanfan Coin, is a new national currency after the establishment of the Nanjing National Government. It is different from Yuan Shikai's old national currency, and invites the British, American, Italian, Austrian and Japanese mints to engrave and unify the Sun Zhongshan image. The characteristic sample currency, the front of the coin is the Sun Zhongshan face, the upper ring is listed in the Republic of China for 18 years, and there are three sailboats in the undulating river on the back, which are divided into round and round faces. The Sun Xiang Sanfan Coin was designed by the foreign mints and was cast by the Hangzhou Mint.
Guangdong Province made Guangxu yuanbao "seven three copies" silver coins
In 890 years, Guangdong Province made Guangxu Yuanbao Kuping seven money three points silver coin sample coins, commonly known as "seven three anti-version", the British Birmingham mint mold casting, mirror casting. This sample coin was one of the test coins of the Birmingham Mint at that time. It was not issued and distributed, and it was rarely spread. It was highly prized from overseas senior collectors.
1895 British Queen Victoria Coin
The Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom has a silver coin of £1. The front is a crown, a veil, a Victorian side bust wearing a dress and a medal, and the back of the St. George's Dragon Slayer. Very rare. St. George wore armor and rode on a horse to fight with the poison dragon. The horse screamed and stepped on the poisonous dragon wings. St. George used the sword to stab the throat of the poisoned dragon. This silver coin pattern is very memorable.
Sun Yat-sen looks like a silver coin with two flags in the eighteenth year of the Republic of China
In the eighteenth year of the Republic of China, Sun Yat-sen tried to coin one sample coin with the earth's two flags and one yuan silver coin. The coin was cast in Tianjin Mint and was not issued. This product is exquisitely polished, mirror polished, flat and delicate plate bottom, shining silver, Quanjie recognized as the most beautiful Chinese silver coin. Perfect display of the people's minds of the "father of the country" of the glorious image, can meet but can not be sought!
Guangxu Yuanbao Guangdong Province made Kuping seven money two points
In 1889 (Guangxu fifteen years), the Governor of Guangdong and Guangxi Zhang Zhidong adopted the advice of the British HSBC, stopped casting seven or three anti-version silver coins, and recast the seven-two reverse silver coins. The front side of the silver coin is the four characters of Chinese and Manchu "Guangxu Yuanbao", and the periphery is in English. On the back of the dragon is in the middle, surrounded by the "Guangdong Province, the bank of the seven money two points" cross. Because its design style is opposite to the silver dollar of other provinces in the Qing Dynasty, it is commonly known as the "seventy-two reverse version." When the sample currency of this currency was submitted to the court for trial, the Qing court believed that the foreign language was listed on the front of the silver coin and ordered the foreign language to be changed to the back. Therefore, only the test casting coins are left in this currency. The coin is a test-cast coin, with a special design and excellent caster. It is one of the 20 Chinese silver coins.
Mint Factory Guangxu Yuanbao
In the 38th year of the Republic of China, Guizhou Province
民国风格。贵州省造 -中华民国三十八年 竹子币壹圆此币是中华民國发行的一种银币，1949年贵州省铸造，极美品目前，我国各地邮币卡市场上已很难觅到这种贵州甲秀楼银元，有时只有在一些大型钱币拍卖会上才偶有所见，由于存世。
The style of the Republic of China. Made in Guizhou Province-The Bamboo Number One Yuan in the 38 years of the Republic of China is a kind of silver coin issued by the Republic of China. It was minted in Guizhou Province in 1949. At present, it is very difficult to find this kind of Guizhou Jiaxiou Silver Yuan in the postal currency card markets all over China. Sometimes it is only seen at some large-scale coin auctions because it survives.
Anti-Dragon Trial-Cast Silver Sample Currency in the Xuantong Three Years of the Da Qing
Three years (1911) of Xuantong in Qing Dynasty, Tianjin Mint General Factory was trial-cast. At that time, the former branch tried to unify the national currency. Several kinds of "Xuantong three-year Qing silver coins" were designed and minted by Tianjin Mint General Works as samples of national currency. In the front, the middle, the outer and the outer coin names of "Daqing silver coins" were coined, and in the next year, the "Xuantong three-year" was coined. The dragon chart and currency value on the back and in the middle. The Panlong on the back includes "Long Xulong", "Short Xulong", "Anti-dragon", "Big Tail Dragon", "Quxulong" and other editions and signature editions. Later, only "Quxulong" was adopted as the national currency, while the others were not issued and belonged to the sample coin. This coin belongs to the "anti-dragon" version of the one-yuan sample coin in the Qing Dynasty. It is one of the rarest editions of the three-year series of silver coins in Xuantong.